As one of the three major food crops in the world, wheat plays an essential role in the diet of most countries in the world. We usually eat noodles, steamed buns, bread, and other pasta from grain. Therefore, many countries grow wheat in the world. But most people residing in China, India, Russia, the United States, France, Canada, and Argentina focus a lot on growing wheat as a cash crop. The above seven countries account for 57% of the total production of wheat. Among them, Russia is the largest wheat exporting countries in the world, accounting for about of the world’s third-largest producers of wheat grain.
Wheat is a large grass whose seed is a cereal grain. Moreover, people all over the world use wheat as a staple food. Out of the thousands of recognized wheat varieties, the most significant ones are common wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (T. Durum), and club wheat (T. compactum). However, this grain is a cash crop, as it generates a good yield per unit area. In addition, it prospers well in a temperate climate with a relatively short growing season and results in a versatile, high-quality flour.
A Short Description of Wheat Crop
Wheat plants possess long, slender leaves and stems and many flowers. In addition, it survives in groups called spikelets. Moreover, you can also grow wheat in various climates and soil. But people grow this crop in temperate regions that contain a downpour between 12 and 36 inches (30 to 90 centimeters). The wheat used as food requires processing, where the grain is rinsed and broken up through the growth of water. Wheat that gets on through milling is broken down and ratified through rollers to develop smaller particles. Almost three-quarters of the milled grain comes to be flour. A considerable portion of wheat flour is utilized to make bread. Moreover, wheat is used to prepare pasta, cereal, flours, pastries, cookies, crackers, muffins, and bread. Besides, what can be utilized to generate starch, malt, dextrose, gluten, alcohol, and other products.
Wheat is an essential derivation of carbohydrates and is the prominent source of vegetable protein in human food, with a protein content of about 13%. When wheat is consumed as a whole grain, it is a significant dietary fiber and nutrient source. Wheat comprises a protein called gluten, which can be dangerous to Celiac disease. Celiac disease is an immune disease that arises in genetically predisposed people. Someone with celiac who consumes gluten will harm their small intestine, directing to medical complications. However, gluten can also quicken nonceliac gluten excitement, gluten ataxia, and dermatitis herpetiformis.
Top 10 wheat exporting countries
In this blog post, we are going to talk about the top 10 wheat exporting countries. So, here is the list of the top 10 wheat exporting countries:
- Russia (2022: 43,965,626 tonnes)
- Canada (2022: 22,874,184 tonnes)
- United States (2022: 22,499,066 tonnes)
- France (2022: 18,940,343 tonnes)
- Ukraine (2022: 16,373,389 tonnes)
- Australia (2022: 12,352,837 tonnes)
- Argentina (2022: 11,724,765 tonnes)
- Kazakhstan (2022: 6,198,354 tonnes)
- Romania (2022: 5,880,518 tonnes)
- Germany (2022: 5,228,857 tonnes)
1. Russia (2022: 43,965,626 tonnes)
Russia is not only the world’s third-largest producer of wheat but also the world’s first exporter. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Russia’s wheat exports reached 43 million tons, surpassing the United States and Canada as the world’s largest wheat exporters. In Russia, winter wheat is the main growing crop variety, and it is mainly sowed in the western region of Russia. The crop is harvested from August to October of each year and from July to August.
Russia-Ukraine crisis may allow India to export more wheat India may export more wheat to global markets. However, more than a section of wheat exports are from Russia and Ukraine. Russia is the top largest exporter of wheat in the world, accounting for more than 18 percent of international exports. Russia and Ukraine exported more than a quarter (25.4 percent) of the world’s wheat in 2019.
2. Canada (2022: 22,874,184 tonnes)
Wheat is Canada’s most important crop. In addition, it is used for many purposes, such as flour production for the baking industry and livestock feed. At the same time, Ontario accounts for 82% of Canada’s total winter wheat production. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Canada’s wheat exports reached 22 million tons.
3. United States (2022: 22,499,066 tonnes)
The unit of weight for wheat in the United States is the bushel. In addition, it is one of the main cereals in the United States. It’s also the second most producer of corn and soybeans. However, people grow this crop throughout the country. According to the United States Department of Agriculture classification, there are eight wheat varieties in the country. In addition, this country exports wheat each year and earns a considerable amount of export revenue.
4. France (2022: 18,940,343 tonnes)
France is the largest producer of wheat in Europe, excluding Russia. Its planting area is distributed throughout the country, but it is the largest in northern France. Winter wheat is the leading wheat variety in this country. It is also planted every year in autumn and harvested in August. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, France’s wheat exports reached 18 million tons.
5. Ukraine (2022: 16,373,389 tonnes)
In Ukraine, people grow wheat throughout the country, but the central and south-central regions contribute most production. However, this crop grows in autumn and harvests between July and August of the following year.
According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Ukraine’s wheat exports reached 16 million tons.
6. Australia (2022: 12,352,837 tonnes)
Wheat is India’s second most important food crop (next to rice), feeding millions of Australians every year. It counts that Australia’s wheat planting area is also huge. In addition, its planting area will exceed that of other counties. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Australia’s wheat exports reached 12 million tons.
7. Argentina (2022: 11,724,765 tonnes)
Like in the United States, in Argentina, soybeans and corn are the two primary bowls of cereal, after wheat, ranked seventh. The Pampas grassland is a vital wheat production area in Argentina. Due to its small population and high commodity rate of grain, it has become a critical wheat exporter globally. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Argentina’s wheat exports reached 11 million tonnes.
8. Kazakhstan (2022: 6,198,354 tonnes)
It is the leading wheat-producing country globally. However, wheat farms are mainly in the plains of the northern region. In 2022, China’s total wheat exporter was 6,198,354 tonnes, with a larger planting area. Now, the wheat crop has become one of the staple foods of the people, accounting for about 40% of grain consumption.
9. Romania (2022: 5,880,518 tonnes)
In Romania, wheat is the main food crop and the staple food of the Romania people. In addition, people grow this crop throughout the country. According to 2022 statistics, Romania’s total wheat exporter was 5,890,518 tonnes, with a larger planting area. Due to its small population and high commodity rate of wheat, it has become a vital wheat exporter globally.
10. Germany (2022: 5,228,857 tonnes)
Germany is one of the largest food-producing countries in Europe. People grow winter wheat throughout the country. But people mainly focus on the central part of Germany. If the climatic conditions are favorable, the crop will grow in October and you can harvest it in August. According to statistics, from 2021 to 2022, Germany’s wheat exports reached 5 million tons.
The top wheat exporting countries are more significant than all other crops. In 2017, the total production of grain in the world was 772 million tons. It is the second-most cultivated cereal grain behind maize. Based on 2017 data, the European Union is the massive wheat producer, producing 150.2 million metric tons of wheat. China, India, and Russia, the three largest wheat producers, contributing to the world’s total wheat production.
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